California (US State) – The Best Guide, Must Knows & Fun Facts

Petr Novák

California is the most populous state in the United States, located in the western part of the country along the Pacific coast. Most of the state experiences hot, dry summers and rainy winters. In northern California, fog is common in the area around San Francisco, and earthquakes and fires plague the state quite frequently. From a tourism perspective, Los Angeles and Hollywood are significant.

California (US State) – The Best Guide, Must Knows & Fun Facts

Map of California / Where is California?

Table of Contents
  1. Basic Information about California
  2. What to See in the State of California
  3. Fun Facts about California
  4. California Weather
  5. Largest Cities in California
  6. Food Prices in California
  7. State Symbols of California

Basic Information about California

Fun Facts about California

California’s date of entry into the Union

September 9, 1850 (31st in order)

State of California nickname

The Golden State

The Highest Mountain in California

Mount Whitney (4,421 metres)

California Rivers

  1. Colorado River (2,330 km)
  2. Sacramento River (719 km)
  3. San Joaquin River (587 km)
  4. Klamath River (423 km)
  5. Pit River (333 km)

Airports in California

  1. Los Angeles International Airport
  2. San Francisco International Airport
  3. San Diego International Airport
  4. Oakland International Airport
  5. Santa Ana – John Wayne Airport

California Sports Teams

  • NFL (American football): Los Angeles Chargers, Los Angeles Rams, San Francisco 49ers
  • MLB (baseball): Los Angeles Angels, Oakland Athletics, Los Angeles Dodgers, San Diego Padres, San Francisco Giants
  • MLS (soccer): LA Galaxy, Los Angeles FC, Sacramento Republic FC, San Jose Earthquakes
  • NHL (ice hockey): Anaheim Ducks, Los Angeles Kings, San Jose Sharks
  • NBA (basketball): Golden State Warriors, Los Angeles Clippers, Los Angeles Lakers, Sacramento Kings

Universities in California

  • Stanford University
  • California Institute of Technology
  • University of California (Berkeley, Los Angeles, San Diego, Davis, Santa Barbara, Riverside, Irvine)
  • University of Southern California

ZIP Codes


Weather in California | Average Temperatures California | Average Precipitation California

California Weather

California is a large state, and so the climate in this state ranges from warm, Mediterranean to cool, subarctic.

Most of California experiences cool, rainy winters and warm, dry summers. Inland, the weather tends to be variable, with harsh winters and sultry summers. Snow cover regularly turns the Sierra Nevada white.

In eastern California lies Death Valley, where the highest temperature in the US (57 °C) has been measured.

Current Forecasts:

Largest Cities in California

# City Population Map
1 Los Angeles 3,979,576 Show on Map
2 San Diego 1,423,851 Show on Map
3 San Jose 1,021,795 Show on Map
4 San Francisco 881,549 Show on Map
5 Fresno 531,576 Show on Map
6 Sacramento 513,624 Show on Map
7 Long Beach 462,628 Show on Map
8 Oakland 433 031 Show on Map
9 Bakersfield 384 145 Show on Map
10 Anaheim 350,365 Show on Map

Food Prices in California

  • McDonalds Restaurant McMeal prices: $9.00
  • Restaurant draft beer (0.5L): $6.50
  • Cappuccino in restaurant: $4.69
  • Coca-Cola in restaurant (0.33 l): $2.25
  • Milk (1 l): $1.03
  • Bread (500 g): $3.75
  • Rice (1 kg): $6.03
  • Egg (12 pcs): $3.43
  • Cheese (1 kg): $12.31
  • Boneless chicken breast (1 kg): $12.61
  • Beef Loin (1 kg): $14.54
  • Apples (1 kg): $3.95
  • Bananas (1 kg): $1.85
  • Oranges (1 kg): $2.97
  • Tomatoes (1 kg): $4.22
  • Potatoes (1 kg): $2.48
  • Water (1.5 l bottle): $2.18
  • Bottle beer (0.5 l bottle): $2.68
  • Pack of Marlboro cigarettes: $10.00

Los Angeles grocery prices effective January 2021. Take these as a guide, they vary widely from store to store. Tax is included in the price.

California Flag | California State Emblem

State Symbols of California

  • Color: blue and gold
  • Theater: Pasadena Playhouse
  • Flower: California sunflower
  • Mineral: gold
  • Marine mammal: gray whale
  • Song: I Love You, California by Diana Fritillary
  • Snake: Desert Jelly
  • Bird: California quail
  • Fish: golden trout
  • Tree: Evergreen Sequoia
  • Dance: west coast swing
  • Animal: grizzly bear

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